At different times horses were trained differently. Here is some information about how and what the Hittites, Greeks taught horses. And also what the Romans taught fighting horses and what horses were taught in the Middle Ages.
The earliest written information about the care and training of horses was left by Kikkuli, a stable Hittite king, circa 1400 BC. The texts that reached us, written by the Hittite scripts and Babylonian cuneiform on clay tablets, contained detailed instructions on how to follow to tame horses, to look after them and to harness in chariots. Apparently, many of this information was borrowed by the Hittites from the Indians, as evidenced by some special terms and digital data in the Kikkuli treatise on horse breeding. The treatise collects the experience of handling horses accumulated by mankind for many centuries.
Kikkuli, like many modern experts, recommends that at the age of one year the foals be beaten away already at the age of one from free herds, so that under the supervision of a person they gradually get used to the difficult horse weekdays. Continue reading
For the next step, it is necessary that the horse is able to actively step forward if you are promoting it for an occasion under the chin, moving side by side. In this case, the horse’s head should be in the position corresponding to the collection, i.e. the neck is raised upward, the back of the head is rounded, the horse is not strained, the line of the head is approximately 45 ° from the vertical.
The horse must respond well and clearly to the promise with the whip, lifting the leg precisely from the side on which part of the chest the promise is received.
We stand on the left side of the horse. With our right hand we hold the horse’s motive under the chin, head raised. The hull is assembled, the hind legs are necessarily let down. The horse should be in such a position Continue reading
We start with a stretch. Just as a person cannot just pick up and do the splits without training, so a horse cannot lift his leg up to the height we need without training. Therefore, we start with the main thing. We stand facing the horse so that our left shoulder was opposite the left shoulder of the horse. Those. not right in front of her, but a little on the side. In the right hand is a short whip. It is very easy to touch the whip to the left side of the chest, while taking the left foot with your left hand, lifting it by the hoof and pulling it forward. No need to do it immediately high, it is better to bend over. The foot must be straight, not bent. Pulling the leg forward, we praise the horse, encourage voice. Then, holding a foot in his hand, from the second we throw the whip to the ground and feed the horse (sugar, apple). If there is an assistant, it will be more convenient together. In no case should a horse be scared, waved with a whip, or punished if it rips a leg out of your hands. Voice does not raise! Continue reading
The first and most effective way of punishment is additional work – you can additionally load the horse with work to make it clear that the more she stubbornly, the more she will have to work. The fact that she was taken to the stall after work should be perceived by the horse as an encouragement for the work done.
The second method of exposure is voice. Unlike dogs, horses are less responsive to the meaning of spoken words, but they are very sensitive to the intonation with which the words are spoken. A harsh word can indicate to the animal that it is doing something wrong.
In some cases, hand spanking is acceptable – for example, if your horse has a habit of biting. Many underestimate the danger of this habit, but it can lead to very serious injuries. Therefore, all manifestations of such behavior should be suppressed. A few Continue reading
Motivation is a very important factor in the training of both people and animals. Many animals, especially dogs, are easily motivated for training – here the “pushing” moment is the desire to please their master. However, in the case of horses, we should distinguish three main categories of motivation to work:
To give pleasure – the horse is motivated by his own desire to please his master. Based on practice, this method of motivation exists and successfully works with one caveat – between the trainer (owner) and the horse, rigid hierarchical relations are established, where the horse takes the place of a subordinate and learns to please. But to establish such a relationship requires a long time of mutual contact. Thus, this principle is quite true for a private horse owner and his horse. Especially if the horse was acquired by another foal. In this case, the animal is accustomed from an early age that the owner is higher in the hierarchy and his wishes must be fulfilled. Continue reading