Create the perfect gallop
You have probably heard that when buying a horse, first of all, you need to pay attention to the gallop and step, as these are natural gaiters, and it is extremely difficult to improve their work, unlike a lynx. But what if the horse is there, but there is no gallop? We use slopes with maximum benefit for the development of the most complex gait.
Earlier, we talked about what you can do on the slopes at a step. Now we’ll try to improve the quality of the gallop and some elements performed on this gait with the help of slopes, and also make your horse a little happier.
What problems at a gallop will help correct work on slopes:
Fuzzy gallop rhythm. For example, close to two, or vice versa, four-stroke;
Fastened shoulders and back;
Inelastic thoracic and withers (this problem is not common, but those who have it know about it);
Loss of rhythm on the side elements;
Pirouettes at a gallop;
As always, start by working on the step. Enough to push the horse up and down, do side exercises, and only then move on. It is absolutely not necessary to start with a lynx. In fact, it is more comfortable for a horse to work immediately on a calm, measured gallop, since this is the gait with which it moves in nature. If you are still used to starting with a lynx, then do a short reprise on a flat surface.
Next, go to the gallop, starting to gradually go up the slopes, use volts and change directions in a step. After the warm-up, pick up a reason, make your “tournament” position and climb uphill at a gallop, and descend in steps so as not to create an extra load on the spine, moving right at a right angle, you will come to this gradually.
Make sure that the horse does not accelerate and does not slow down, it must maintain a single rhythm. Your task is to sit absolutely straight, giving her the opportunity to work with her back and shoulders on her own. Alternate lifts from different legs.
When you hear that the horse has calmed down, keeps the same rhythm while moving, go to the side elements. Start with the concessions to the shankel: move the concession first off the hill, it will be a little easier for you, then try to climb the hill, moving forward and sideways. Do not require the horse to immediately accept, for a start she needs to deal with the balance. If you hear that the horse “lays out” the gallop, support it with a shankel, but do not let it accelerate using half-supports. These exercises will help you to “align” the contact between the two reins, and absolutely “non-waterless” horses are motivated to take the contact more tightly.
Perhaps this will be enough for the first time, listen to your feelings and do not overload your partner, going to the slopes is primarily a rest from working in the arena.
More “advanced” slope users can switch to working with pirouettes. Always start with big, working pirouettes. Choose the middle of the hill, move along the volt, then start to shift the backside inward. Watch the position of the head and neck, it should be stable and not too high. Your task is to teach the horse to raise the withers up; to do this, try to lower the neck as low as possible, supporting the forward movement with the shenkel. At first, the horse can “fall” onto the inner leg when moving down, substitute your inner schenkel or, if necessary, the thigh and control the outer motive. When the horse has figured out the balance, hold the outside, thereby reducing the pirouette, and try to make it as small as possible. During the lift, the horse will have to take out the inner shoulder, and a constant tilt will explain how to maintain the correct gallop rhythm.
After working on the contractions, let the horse relax – make a “field” gallop on the long neck, this will help the horse relax his back, relax his shoulders, and also improve breathing, as dressage horses often hold him during work. Such training will also be the prevention of lung diseases. Turn on outdoor training on natural soil at least once a week, and the result will not be long in coming.