Spanish step. Training in the hands in motion. Training on horseback.
For the next step, it is necessary that the horse is able to actively step forward if you are promoting it for an occasion under the chin, moving side by side. In this case, the horse’s head should be in the position corresponding to the collection, i.e. the neck is raised upward, the back of the head is rounded, the horse is not strained, the line of the head is approximately 45 ° from the vertical.
The horse must respond well and clearly to the promise with the whip, lifting the leg precisely from the side on which part of the chest the promise is received.
We stand on the left side of the horse. With our right hand we hold the horse’s motive under the chin, head raised. The hull is assembled, the hind legs are necessarily let down. The horse should be in such a position that when pushing it forward with the first hind leg, it can make the front without stretching the body. In the left hand we hold a whip.
We give a command with a voice and a whip to raise the left leg. At the moment when the horse’s leg has risen to a horizontal line, with the right hand we push the horse forward so that it does not put the foot back to the body, but extends the body to the point where the raised leg is. Those. took a step forward, without returning the leg to its original position. Immediately stroke the horse, let go of the occasion and step on the loose. Praise the voice, give a treat.
If the horse does not move forward well with the leg raised, we ask the assistant to send it with a whip on the croup from behind, but very gently. In no case should a horse be beaten, whipped, or shouted! After two or three unsuccessful attempts, we leave this occupation and return to accustom the horse to actively move forward with a simple step at a push by an excuse under the chin. After the horse begins to do it well, we continue to advance the horse forward with his leg raised on command. As a rule, the horse already well learns that if a whip appears in front of its chest, then you need to raise the leg. But if you want to play by the rules, do not let the horse engage in amateur performances. No need to allow the leg to be lifted without touching the whip to a specific part of the chest. It is not necessary to encourage lifting on the wrong side of the leg prom.
When the horse began to move well forward on the promise, lifting the left leg horizontally, you can go to the right side, and the same thing can be done with the right leg. The main thing is the clarity of the execution of the team, a straight leg, the active timely advancement of the horse forward, encouragement and ironing.
Strongly do not need to teach a horse to independently raise his legs of his own free will. Do not accustom the horse to the fact that after raising the right foot the left will immediately follow, then again the right, left, right, left, etc. Do not let amateur performances. May the horse always be alert and alert. For example, after sending to the left foot, in the next step again send a message to the left. Also, do not train your horse to raise his legs at every step. The number of steps, their sequence and frequency should depend entirely on you. For example, if you call a simple step forward without raising your foot into the horizon “empty”, then the approximate formula of movement will look like this: left, right, left, empty, left, empty, right, right, empty, empty, empty, right, empty, left, right, left, left, right, empty, empty. Those. any step is controlled only by you. And the steps must go arbitrarily.
Of course, it’s easy to teach a horse to slap his feet in a row on his own, but that’s not what we need, is it?
(And if it is, then you can not read further.)
Workout on horseback.
When the horse freely extends its leg forward to the send, does not confuse the legs depending on the side of the send, moves well next to you, does not forget to bring the hind legs, you can start working on the horse.
We sit on a horse, take a long whip in our left hand. We select the reins a little shorter, collect the horse. Promise for the Spanish step (left foot):
• case a little back and to the right,
• right cinch at the cinch, sends forward,
• the left shankel behind the girth, controls the rectilinear movement of the horse,
• the left halter is picked up a little shorter than the right,
• the lower back sends the horse forward to the raised left leg a little from right to left, from bottom to top.
For the right leg, everything is done in “mirror image”.
At the same time as sending a whip to the left side of the chest, we pick up the left occasion, slightly (LITTLE!) Lifting it above the right, move the body to the right and slightly back, making room for the highest elevation of the left leg. The stronger the center of gravity shifts to the hind legs of the horse, freeing it in front, the more convenient it will be for the horse to raise his leg, and the higher it will raise it. As soon as the horse raised its leg for the first time to send a whip, an excuse, a shenkel and a body – we immediately give an excuse, let the horse move with a free step forward, iron and praise. You can dismount and walk the horse about, reinforcing the praise with a treat.
After several trials, when the horse’s connection between the whip and other means of sending is clearly established, the whip can be removed. Hold it in your hand for the first time to remind the horse, if necessary, with a soft touch to the side of your chest that you need.