The first steps of an inexperienced horse to bascule
In previous articles, we talked about horse basculation, methods for its development in keys and impulse hunger. But what if the horse is young, its skills are not enough not only to overcome the keys, it doesn’t have a baskling yet?
A young horse can be compared to a young tree. If initially it is not planted evenly and does not support growth in the right direction, it will grow crooked, and when the trunk gains strength, it will be impossible to change anything.
The same thing happens with the young horse’s bascule technique. Making the first jumps over tiny obstacles, the horse does not know anything about this technique, cannot assess the future prospects of his movements in a situation with higher barriers. When overcoming obstacles of 20-40 cm, vicious actions from the point of view of high-altitude show jumping can also be effective. And to fix in the mind of the animal will be what will give the result of the horse at this stage of development, including such vices as the deer jump.
Thus, the task of a specialist working with a young competitive horse is to offer wards with exercises that exclude the use of improper jumping techniques from the first jumping lessons.
If we talk about the formation of the method of basculation, then it is necessary to provoke a young horse to actively include the neck.
Tim Stockdale, a member of the English national show jumping team, uses a rather simple trick in the work of his horses – transferring the horse’s attention from the obstacle to the space after it. For this, after the barrier at a distance of 3 meters, a pole is installed. For safety reasons, the specialist himself suggests using a flat board, so that in the event of a foot attack, the “rolling” and possible injury of the young horse are avoided, as at an early age, these animals are quite inexperienced.
If the obstacle itself is made inconspicuous, containing a minimal amount of annoying elements, then the horse will focus his attention on the object (pole) located behind the obstacle. To better examine and process it, the animal will reflexively stretch its neck forward at the time of the jump.
For the same reasons, the height of the barrier should be minimal. The task is not to overcome the barrier, but rather to almost not notice it.
The distance to the rear, attracting the attention of the poles, can vary for each specific horse. The main criterion is that the horse should neither reach out nor bump into it. Overcoming it should not require the horse to change momentum, i.e. applying efforts to change the speed of their movement after the barrier. Any additional tension enslaves the horse’s body, reducing the amplitude of the basculation, and provokes the appearance of a deer jump.
Many experts add to this a laying of 20-30 cm behind the barrier itself. Without such a laying, a reflex of the work of the horse’s front legs “under itself” may develop. If such a laying takes away part of the free space on the ground behind the barrier, the horse will have to stretch his legs not under him, but forward into the free zone, because she would not risk putting her legs in the immediate vicinity of the laying. It is imperative to establish such corrective groundwork at the first incorrect overcoming of an obstacle. But we will dwell on the technique of the front legs in the following articles.
Performed “basque” jumps with the minimum possible movement. The rationale for this is given in the article “The Development of Basculation. The method of impulse hunger. ” In terms of momentum, a lynx would be the most suitable gait for a young horse. But it requires the installation of poles in the form of poles 2.5 meters in front of the barrier in order to give the animal an accurate program of transition to gallop and repulsion.
However, using a hint in front of the barrier is controversial in the case of work on the basque. This pole draws the horse’s attention to the space in front of the barrier, while the main task is to focus attention on the ground behind the obstacle. Therefore, if the horse-riding and experience of the horse, as well as the athlete himself, allow to make unmistakable jumps from a calm gallop, it is better to use this gait and not use the prompts in front of the barrier when correcting the basculus.
It is especially important to remember the inadmissibility of the use of tim iron “pelam”, discussed in the article “Peljama and snaffle. Their role in basculation. ”
The poles located behind the obstacle have a positive effect not only on the basque of the horse, but also on bringing the horse to a stable balanced state after the jump. However, work on restoring the horse’s balance after the jump is the topic of a separate article.