Effect of soil quality on horse jumping skills
A small but important explanation of the significance of the ground in the preparation of a show jumping horse. The horse’s desire to jump is largely determined by its confidence in its capabilities. The animal does not have analytical skills. Everything in her head is simple, even primitive. If her legs on the repulsion get stuck in the sand, she will conclude that she does not have enough strength to jump. If he stumbles, it’s dangerous to jump. If the soil is bad systematically, the horse will lose faith in itself at the end. Systematic neglect of soil quality leads to the loss of a horse for sport. And above all, in her own head.
Therefore, there are several objective indicators of soil that judges use when evaluating them.
1. The vertical elasticity of the soil.
Soil should not be pressed through the horse’s hoof when pushing more than 5 cm.
Otherwise, the ground gives rise to horse insecurity. It fixes in the animal’s memory the underestimated maximum available heights, and closer repulsion points.
Soil should not be pressed through the horse’s hoof when landing more than 5 cm.
Otherwise, the ground creates a horse’s uncertainty about the safety of jumping. It fixes in memory the more modest available distances in driveways and ESPECIALLY in systems.
The density of the soil is usually achieved by abundant watering combined with a compactor roller. Rolling problematic soil is recommended every 20 sports pairs.
However, the density of the soil used in competitions is higher than that of the training ground. Hard ground is good for jumping, but bad for joints. It is harmless for 80 seconds of work along the route, but is undesirable for work for an hour. Therefore, during training sessions on the field, the pressing and strait are reduced, and during competitions they are increased (backlash can be reduced to 2.5 cm).
2. The horizontal elasticity of the soil.
Both when making jumps and when changing direction, the hoof should not slip more than 5 cm.
The instability of the horse provokes the animal to a constrained movement, which in the show jumping ultimately leads to a refusal to overcome latitudinal obstacles and to jump from a distant repulsion point. It fixes in memory the accessibility of modest marginal latitudes and extremely close repulsion points.
The horizontal elasticity of the soil is achieved by the inclusion of flexible fiber fractions up to 5 to 10 cm in length. Such a soil is called cohesive. Experienced riders sometimes use grass spikes to increase horse confidence. First of all, this reflects on the horse’s readiness to jump from a distant repulsion point, and from a steep arc.
The difference in the assessment of their capabilities in a horse on unsuccessful soil can reach -20 cm from the height of the barrier, -40 cm of the width of the barrier, and up to -1 meter at the repulsion point.
A horse can make a correction of its capabilities on a route after 3-4 jumps. 3-4 jumping sessions on unsuccessful ground can provoke a horse to systematic uncertain hopping work.
Training with maximum latitudes and heights is best done immediately after technological breaks on the preparation of the soil training fields. If the soil is broken during the working day, it is better to refuse to work at high altitudes and latitudes. Even if the horse copes with the task, it will remember that it is difficult, and perhaps mark it as its limit. Although in reality it can be much more.
Different horses have different sensitivity to changing ground. This characteristic is determined by the exterior features (massive horses are more demanding of the ground), character (phlegmatic horses are more demanding of the ground), the character of the rider’s ride (ragged or too calm riding makes additional demands on the ground).
If you still got into the competition with viscous soil, try to move along the route evenly, do not reset any created movement unless the reduced distance to the next barrier requires it, or a sharp turn. The excess movement more often itself “will go into the sand.”