The development of basculation. The method of impulse hunger.
In the previous article, “Baskulation and the Basque. Do not confuse the concept ”we have described the biomechanical principle and the exceptional practical importance of basque in the show jumping, and its tactical use in the Grand Prix. Whoever has this technique is better, he wins significantly in saving energy. It’s time to figure out how experienced specialists teach this technique to a horse, and what beginners are wrong about.
Baskulation does not require special physical abilities from a horse, as all body postures are natural for the horse. Even the phase of the most expressive basque is constantly practiced by the horse when feeding from the ground. Thus, basculus is more a coordination skill and habit, and, therefore, lends itself to significant development with special training.
The horse gains and loses habits throughout the entire sports career, so it is never too late to engage in basculation. However, the best susceptibility of the animal to learning and the ability to consolidate skills is manifested up to six years. Therefore, from the very beginning of hopping practice, exercises on the development of basculus should constantly be present.
In order to properly build skill-developing exercises, you need to understand the essence of the technique of basculating. From the material of the previous article, we highlight the key technical technique of the horse – throwing the neck forward from the initial high position. Recall that the purpose of this action is:
• Do not lift up excess weight (head and neck)
• Free up space for the rest of the lifted parts of the body
• Inertial push facilitating the starting force of the legs
In order for this action to become a skill and a habit, it is necessary to constantly provoke the horse to this action. There can be three provocations:
1. Insufficient initial impulse to make an inertial jump
2. The concentration of the horse’s attention on the space behind the barrier, and not on the barrier itself.
3. The desire of the horse to save strength in a long exercise
In this article we will talk about the first of them.
Provocation of insufficient impulse is used constantly in training. It is the main reason why Western experts in training prefer approaches to barriers with an intensity lower than competitive.
Feeling a lack of inertia, the horse intuitively searches for reserves of its locomotive apparatus and finds it at the point of the neck, just as a weak athlete, when pulling up on the crossbar, finds a solution in a jerk. The efforts of the neck are made while the hind legs are on the ground in a predominantly rectilinear position of the latter, since minimal strain on the muscles of straightened legs from the recoil of the neck in this phase. The neck is repelled from the ground, conducting an elastic emphasis in the surface through the joints.
During the first jumps of the lesson, the most optimal gallop impulse is estimated. It is gradually lowered, forcing the horse to use his neck more and more actively. The position of the neck when approaching the obstacle is high. If the horse began to “die” before completing the jump, the point of optimal impulse is passed, and movements should be added a little. The optimal gallop for each training is different, because Depends on the current freshness and emotional mood of the horse.
It is very important to understand the difference in the performance of competitive and training jumps. If the approach to the obstacle in both cases is performed with the neck raised, the style of the rider’s jump performance in competitions and in training is different. One way or another, besides the horse, the horseman is also baskulating. When repelled, the horse must fully raise the rider’s seat. The torso and head of the rider do not rise, but go forward and move almost along a straight line trajectory. Especially diligent athletes perform this compensation expressively and even make a counter nod down and to the side of the horse’s neck. In competitions, such optimization of the lifted weight may be justified. But in training, “baskulating for a horse” is not worth it. She must work herself. On the contrary, many “baskulyators” in the end achieve only unnecessary loading of the front legs and the oncoming movement of the horse with its neck up, in an attempt to compensate for the miracle that suddenly fell on the neck.
The height of the barriers when working on a neck push should not exceed 110-120 cm (depending on the height of the horse), because the neck should be thrust strictly forward into the empty space. To determine the exact “basque” height, the barriers are successively raised until the horse triggers the neck much earlier than its hind legs come off the ground. The optimal “basque” height is achieved when the neck push begins to occur simultaneously with the separation of the legs. A further increase in height reduces the work on the basque to “no.” The horse switches his attention from the execution of this technique to the general psychological and physical mobilization.
During the bascule, some horses do not know where to put their front legs. A good half is mistaken, choosing the direction “for themselves.”