Basque keys. Clock accuracy
In a previous article, we examined the effect of iron on horse basculation, the choice of which affects the horse technique in the long run. Equally systemically important are the constant training of the horse (once a week) in special exercises.
To improve the technical technique, its frequent repetition is necessary. Only a person has a nervous system capable of “analyzing” and “designing” his actions. The horse is a very primitive creature and moves to optimum by trial and error. Moreover, the samples should be identical and as close as possible to completion time. Only then can a horse unambiguously single out the most successful attempts. This principle underlies the training aimed at improving the bascule of experienced horses.
Frequent repetitions are achieved by working in the keys. And identity is overcome by leveling barriers. When working in the basque keys, each next jump for the horse is a refinement of the previous one. The shorter the time interval between adjacent jumps, the more accurate the comparison and refinement. Therefore, the basque keys are built with the distance between the barriers at one pace (about 7 meters), and not at two.
From the side, the “baskule” keys seem to be the most primitive – just the same obstacles placed at the same intervals. However, building them effectively is as difficult as calculating the clockwork.
The first principle of basque keys is the use of basque height barriers. This is the height that a horse can overcome with minimal physical effort through gymnastics. You can read about the definition of this height in the article “Development of Basculation. The method of impulse hunger. ”
It is not practical to use higher obstacles in the basque keys. Combined jumping is the most energy-intensive exercise. Four jumps made within ten seconds take much more power than the same amount per minute. Otherwise, all schoolchildren would be excellent students in physical education, passing strength standards in equal shares for 30 minutes.
The horse will tire after three approaches, if four barriers are installed in the exercise, each of which is exceeded at least 10 cm from the basque height. Of course, an animal can mobilize physical reserves for the next approach, two, three. However, jumps made on the background of physical fatigue are not absorbed by the horse as a complex coordination exercise for the development of the central nervous system. Physical fatigue is accompanied by oxygen starvation, and the oxygen in the body is one for all organs. Including the brain. Complaints of a coworker at lunch about the impossibility of thinking are not at all moral, but the struggle of the stomach with the brain for the right to consume substances from the blood.
Thus, when a horse shows fatigue, a jumping session for the development of coordination must be completed due to the lack of a training effect.
Good assimilation of coordination requires at least 5-6 repetitions of the exercise. Hence the requirements of the basque height, i.e. heights with maximum gymnastics with minimal physical effort.
The second principle of basque keys is kinetic monotony. It means that the main parameters of the horse’s movement remain unchanged during the passage of all barriers. Two goals – the conservation of horse power and the ability of the animal to highlight the most successful jump and technique on the background of uniform jumps.
The second goal is the easiest to understand. Something is easier to distinguish among identical ones, and identical jumps are made through identical barriers with an identical repulsion point and momentum. Those. the configuration of the barriers and the distance between them in the basque keys must be strictly identical. However, it is advisable to add a cross-shaped obstacle to the correcting repulsion point according to the principle described in the article “Rising keys. Leap to the edge. ”
It’s a little harder to set up monotonous force-retaining barriers. The torn rhythm takes much more power, because additional efforts are required to accelerate the mass, as well as its subsequent braking. In keys, this happens when jumps are made along an excessively vertical path. In this case, the landing is also vertical, after which the horse does not have a starting speed. She has to make additional physical efforts to start “from a place” on the next barrier. As a result, the passage of the exercise is divided into phases of “dying” and pushing out.
Since the bascule keys are monotonous and fixed in height (110-120cm depending on the height of the horse), the only parameter that can be changed is the distance between the barriers. Initially, four barriers in the form of sheer obstacles are placed at a distance of 7.10 m. After each passage of the keys by the horse, the distances are slightly reduced by the barriers. This happens until the horse shows the very death. In this case, the previous distance between the barriers is considered ideal.