Basic exercise to develop horse stability in front of an obstacle
Description of the exercise: tips from the poles in front of the obstacle in the form of a cross and a pole adjacent to it. It is necessary to place four poles on the ground at the same distance under the horse’s trot, since you would place the cavaletti – from 1.20 m to 1.40 for horses with a wide gait. The distance between the last pole and the obstacle is 2.7 m and should not look too wide, unless your horse is doing very fast. If you feel that the horse is having difficulty jumping, increase the distance slightly to the obstacle. The spider is used as a guide, forcing the horse to move along the center line. The pole behind the obstacle is used for a more active jump of the horse. You can use this technique when working with young horses. Place the pole behind the obstacle if the horse lingers unnecessarily on the obstacle or knocks it down.
Execution: It is necessary to lead the horse trot through the poles several times and make it feel comfortable. Exercise requires a fairly active movement of the horse in your hand, as the jump will take place at the exit. If the horse does not have enough momentum, the horse will not be able to fit into the distance limited by poles, and the idea of the exercise is just to work on each pole. The jump across the cross is the culmination of this work. Poles in this exercise are used for the same purpose as cavaletti. A horse with a tendency to throw on an obstacle or drag it will be much more difficult to display these shortcomings. The rushing horse will not be able to rush forward. She will have to carefully and accurately work on each pole, measuring and remembering the distance at each pace of the trot.
Rider Position: You can use the same landing as the lynx, but I prefer landing with three fulcrum. This is a lightweight fit, but you remain seated. In this case, the body is slightly biased forward. I like it because it achieves a better and deeper setting of the legs, which in turn gives the rider a better balance. Thus, the rider acts less and gently on the horse’s mouth.
Problems and solutions: When you are just starting to teach a horse to jump, you can observe its instability. Sometimes she jumps well, sometimes she knocks down poles, etc. Anyway, if a horse starts to accelerate and try to slip an obstacle – this is not good. The idea is to slow down its pace, and its stable getting into a comfortable place for repulsion. It is when a horse experiences agitation in front of an obstacle that it begins to rush and try to get through the poles faster. Many horses, by their nature, are wary of them. In this case, the rider is more difficult to stay in a stable position. What we train using this exercise is stability. Some horses have difficulty trotting. I try to put them low obstacles to a meter. If the horse is experiencing any difficulty, the height of the obstacle should be reduced and held at that level until the horse has mastered the exercise with this height perfectly. It usually takes about three repetitions of the exercise at each height. However, some require six repetitions, some only need one time.
Result: Exercise teaches the horse to stay stable and calm in front of an obstacle. It also teaches the rider how to control and find the right contact before the jump. The horse also learns to work upside down and concentrate on the obstacle. Two things make the horse pay attention – poles lying on the ground and a jump. Also, this exercise can be successfully used to develop the rider the correct release of the occasion for jumping. It has long been used in Europe and is one of the fundamental. Now many books and video tutorials are distributed, but we prefer to avoid them, since they discuss everything that has already been invented. After all, the horse remains the same horse. This exercise is the next step after working on cavaletti. It can be used in those days when you do not want to load the horse with many jumps, but at the same time you want to work on its training and practice. You can build an obstacle of any height you wish. The effect is very good. Exercise makes the horse seriously trot every lying pole. One lying pole allows the horse to make various serious mistakes, before or after the pole, change gait, etc. Four poles do not allow this and accustom the horse to stability. I consider the use of a number of poles a very important component of the successful preparation of the horse.