When teaching any horse what you want, you must have motivation. Horses will not want to learn or show skills without good motivation. And the motivation you propose should be better than the others that the horse can find. For example, if your horse is “companionable”, your motivation should be stronger than her buddies calling her from the stable or from the nearest pasture. Otherwise, all her attention will be directed not at you, but at her friends, and you will lose control.
When choosing any type of motivation to work with a horse on the ground or under the saddle, you must first know what a particular type of motivation can give, as well as its weak points. Most of the commonly used motivations now are: food, pain, praise, and pressure. Below I will describe why each type of motivation is good, as well as its weaknesses. Continue reading
At different times horses were trained differently. Here is some information about how and what the Hittites, Greeks taught horses. And also what the Romans taught fighting horses and what horses were taught in the Middle Ages.
The earliest written information about the care and training of horses was left by Kikkuli, a stable Hittite king, circa 1400 BC. The texts that reached us, written by the Hittite scripts and Babylonian cuneiform on clay tablets, contained detailed instructions on how to follow to tame horses, to look after them and to harness in chariots. Apparently, many of this information was borrowed by the Hittites from the Indians, as evidenced by some special terms and digital data in the Kikkuli treatise on horse breeding. The treatise collects the experience of handling horses accumulated by mankind for many centuries.
Kikkuli, like many modern experts, recommends that at the age of one year the foals be beaten away already at the age of one from free herds, so that under the supervision of a person they gradually get used to the difficult horse weekdays. Continue reading
We start with a stretch. Just as a person cannot just pick up and do the splits without training, so a horse cannot lift his leg up to the height we need without training. Therefore, we start with the main thing. We stand facing the horse so that our left shoulder was opposite the left shoulder of the horse. Those. not right in front of her, but a little on the side. In the right hand is a short whip. It is very easy to touch the whip to the left side of the chest, while taking the left foot with your left hand, lifting it by the hoof and pulling it forward. No need to do it immediately high, it is better to bend over. The foot must be straight, not bent. Pulling the leg forward, we praise the horse, encourage voice. Then, holding a foot in his hand, from the second we throw the whip to the ground and feed the horse (sugar, apple). If there is an assistant, it will be more convenient together. In no case should a horse be scared, waved with a whip, or punished if it rips a leg out of your hands. Voice does not raise! Continue reading